The Particle Beams Laboratory (PBL) was organized as part of the Electrophysics Department at the Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Scientific Center of the USSR Academy of Sciences, in 1986. PBL exists at the Institute of Electrophysics since the date of the Institute's foundation in 1987. Prof. Yuly Efimovich Kreindel, who was a prominent scientist, a recognized expert in gas and vacuum discharges, plasma emission electronics and accelerating equipment, and a winner of the RF State Prize, headed the laboratory from 1986 till his tragic death in 1991. Today the staff of the laboratory under the direction of N.V. Gavrilov, Dr.Sc.(Engng), consists of 12 employees including 2 doctors of science, 1 candidate of science, 5 researchers, 2 engineers and a technician.
The area of research undertaken by the laboratory includes physical processes in low-pressure cold-cathode gas discharges, which are used in efficient sources of plasma, electron and ion beams, development of sources of charged particles and plasma generators for industrial applications, and the effect of accelerated ions and plasma on properties of materials.
Results of investigations performed at the PBL presented the basis for development of prototype models of high-power sources of broad and ribbon beams of gas ions used for modification of materials, a pulsed source of large cross-section electron beams for electroionization lasers, and a source of pulsed focused electron beams for evaporation of materials in a vacuum. Investigations of the grid-stabilized plasma cathode discharge allowed considerably improving the reliability and the efficiency of the plasma generator based on this cathode and devising new methods for deposition of hydrocarbon diamond-like coatings and low-temperature nitriding of steels and alloys. A technology has been developed for deposition of conducting Mn-Co-O coatings, which are resistant to high-temperature oxidation, on metal interconnector of solid oxide fuel cells by the method of ion-assisted reactive magnetron sputtering. In cooperation with the Ural Civil Aviation Plant (Ekaterinburg) our specialists refined and commercialized a technology for ion-beam-assisted deposition of abrasive wear-resistant coatings on gas turbine compressor blades.